27.9.2016 Surrealism

Today we are developing the art period surrealism.” Surrealism is the art period stared from Paris in 1924.It is launched by the French poet Andre breton . This movement is influence by the Sigmund Freud and Dream which mean it is above reality, not existed in reality , changing the from form realist to surreal and being emotional.There are two type of surrealism art which is automatism and assemblage.”(Tate and info from school powerpoint)

Let began with the automatism which is the process of make making  without thinking and aim just randomly and freely.

“We have made an automated drawing inspirited by Jon Bargeman who is a contemporary artist and illustrator who is an artist born in Uk and NYC based . HE got a unique style which is just using one continuous line in his drawing and using colour to show the figure has brought me a feeling of free and random this has totally show the automatism surrealism drawing . Therefore we have created own piece of work inspired by him.”(info from school powerpoint)

About my drawing, I love it so much as it got a good visual outcome . I used the primary colours in it which has created a strong tension and become eye-catching . Also I really think it is an interesting
process by just using simple colour to build the figure in a continuous line drawing .

“Other than automatism, we have also studied Assemblage which is similar to collaging but it is not  use 2D material but also 3D, there has not limiting on the used of material .One of the well-know surrealism work in assemblage style, ‘Object’ created by Merit Oppenheim.”(info from school powerpoint)

surrealism

“In this art piece , Oppenheim used Chinese gazelle’s hair to cover the teacup, saucer, and spoon which has created a visual illusion to the object which make the audiences felt the natural or the original texture of the objects have been changed. “(Moma)In my perspective ,I think this is an interesting piece as it has really inspired me to think more. Oppenheim is using the everyday object, therefore it is really eye-catching as the texture have been changed. Also she has changed it in to the soft, fluffy hair which is very difference to the original texture. This was really think out of the box and surreal!

“About Oppenheim, she is a Swiss painter and sculptor born on October 6, 1913 Berlin, Germany and dead on November 15, 1985 – Berne, Switzerland”(theartstory.org)

“Apart form these two style, surreal have also well linked to landscapes and human .As many of the surrealist artists have inspired by violent and sexual which is influence of Freudian psychology.”(Tate and info. from school powerpoint)

“I believed the most famous artist in surrealism must be Salvador Dail who is Spain painter born on May 11, 1904. In the 1920s, he went to Paris and started to meet with different amazing artists like Picasso,Magritte and Miro who have influence he to his 1st surrealism piece. His famous piece is ‘The Persistence of Memory,’ also this is also my favourite piece of his work.”

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“The Persistence of Memory is an oil painting created in 1931.”(Moma) I think this is an extraordinary piece as it has interesting change the form and texture of the clock and combining the real life landscape in the painting also it has got many got many hidden meaning in this piece therefore it just amazing.

Surrealism is about using visual representative to show the dream. “In my perspective,I think this a perfect piece of showing the dream status, just like what Dail said his art is the’ hand painted dream photographs’.”(Mental Floss) Also I love the hidden meaning in the clocks. The melting clock were strongly show the dream status visually it has changed its original form from soft to hard which is impossible to do this in the real world .I think this is a smart way to show the status that we(painting) are in the dream world. Other than this, clock is also the symbol of time. Dali  shown the difference of ‘time’ in real world and the dream status. When we were dreaming we will lack of the feeling of time . Additionally,people will lose the control of time in dream which is just show dream is  chaos and  disorder as we can link the surrounding world in our dream in an explicable way. This point has also successful show in the painting. Dali has also combined himself in his painting like the background is the landscape/mountain in his hometown. Also the unknown object in the middle of the painting which look like the combination of eyes and nose. These just look like his self portrait.” As well as this  melting clocks have also echo to the title of the painting The Persistence of Memory which show that memory cannot really stay long in the time. In addition, it has also related to the Dali his age as the clock melting may also talking about he being older and older.”(Mental Floss)Personally, I love the colour and the composition that Dali used, as they have go well and the composition made the drawing have good spacing as their have a clear foreground, mid ground and the prospect which really made the painting have a huge spacing.

In class we have also asked to create a collage in surrealism style.We are in the group of 3 people. Personally I really love this outcome as it has successful show the surrealism style and created an interesting . As it is the copy of the photo with black and white color so everything go well together. As well as this we have combine the animal part, cell and human body together in the main object. These have really created an interesting context as they don’t have any connection between them.This just show the disorder and a very random composition to each other which is totoal surreal.and the connect of the parts is very interesting therefore I really love this.

References

Mental Floss. (2016). 15 Things You Didn’t Know About ‘The Persistence Of Memory’. [online] Available at: http://mentalfloss.com/article/62725/15-things-you-didnt-know-about-persistence-memory [Accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Moma.org. (2016). MoMA | Meret Oppenheim. Object. Paris, 1936. [online] Available at: https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/meret-oppenheim-object-paris-1936 [Accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Moma.org. (2016). MoMA | Salvador Dalí. The Persistence of Memory. 1931. [online] Available at: https://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/1168-2 [Accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

Tate.org.uk. (2016). Surrealism. [online] Available at: http://www.tate.org.uk/learn/online-resources/glossary/s/surrealism [Accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

The Art Story. (2016). Meret Oppenheim Biography, Art, and Analysis of Works. [online] Available at: http://www.theartstory.org/artist-oppenheim-meret.htm [Accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

The Art Story. (2016). Salvador Dalí Biography, Art, and Analysis of Works. [online] Available at: http://www.theartstory.org/artist-dali-salvador.htm [Accessed 27 Sep. 2016].

 

20.9.2016 Dada movement

In today lesson, we are learning about the Dada movement which I think it is really important issue in modern art as it has influenced the pop art and surrealism.

“DADA movement is happening in the early 20th century, Zürich,Switzerland which began in 1916 at Cabaret Voltaire and then spreading to the Europe.

This movement has no meaning, it just mean nothing. It is not ART,with no EMOTION, no about CRAFT or the TRADITIONAL BEAUTY. It is like think outside the boxes,to live a life with no reason, no sense, no control.

This movement is influenced by WORLD WAR 1. WW1 was affect millions people’  life with blood and killing. Dadaist believed that because of the war the social structure has broken which cause violence, limited the social value, policy corruption ,unified the thought and  culture conformity .”(Tate and school powerpoint info.)

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Karawane ,Hugo Ball ,1916

“One of the famous piece is ‘Karawane’ created by Hugo Ball in 1916 at a nightclub which is called Cabaret Voltaire. It is located at Zürich,Switzerland which is the stared place dada movement. This is a preferment art work of dada movement which is Hugo Ball reading the poem he has written by using meaningless words and sound.”(movingpoems.com) I think this is really amazing way to show what is dada. It is because poem is thing with rule such as rhyme. However Ball is just using the meaning word and unknown sound to create which just like breaking the rule and strong show the meaning of Dada as it is no meaning inside the poem, it just created with no meaning ,no thinking. Also by using poem it has created contrast and tension with it as it is so different between these two thing. One is full of rule, one is freely. I really love this expression way!

“About Hugo Ball , his is one of the founder of dada movement. He is born in 1886. He studied german literature, philosophy and history at the university of Munich and Heidelberg. He founded ‘Cabaret Voltaire’  where he meet Marcel junco, Tristan Tzara, and Richard Huelsenbeck who were the famous dadaist too.”(dada-companion.com)

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Fountain,Marcel Duchamp,1917

“Also, about the other famous piece which call fountain , it is created in 1917 by Marcel Duchamp. It is just a urinal with signature. But he even signed in a fake name.”(Tate) It is really a special one . As the artist just bought a usual urinal to placed inside-down in an art exhibition. There was nobody had done this work before. Duchamp has have let the artist think about their role and the definition of art. Also this work has influence modern art in all kind of action and create a new context as it is challenging the audience to question and think more about it.In addition, it has given great influence to the modern art too.

“About Marcel Duchamp(28 July 1887 – 2 Oct 1968), he is a famous artist associated with cubism ,conceptual art and dada. He is famous on using readymade produce to create art!  He is born in Blainville, Normandy”(Tate)

In class, we are inspired by Hugo Ball and we try to make a dada poem by cutting words on newspaper and place randomly.This is our group outcome. I love outcome! As I think it is so dadaism as it is nonsense with no meaning inside. We have also add the portrait in side as to be the part of the poem . These have made the poem become more interesting . Also these have made the poem has different type element . The size of the poem have create a tension and made the poem become eyes-catching.

References

Moving Poems. (2016). Karawane by Hugo Ball. [online] Available at: http://movingpoems.com/2014/02/karawane-by-hugo-ball/ [Accessed 20 Sep. 2016].

Seegers, C. (2016). DADA Companion — Hugo Ball. [online] Dada-companion.com. Available at: http://www.dada-companion.com/ball/ [Accessed 20 Sep. 2016].

Tate. (2016). Marcel Duchamp, ‘Fountain’ 1917, replica 1964. [online] Available at: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/duchamp-fountain-t07573 [Accessed 20 Sep. 2016].

Tate. (2016). Marcel Duchamp, ‘Fountain’ 1917, replica 1964. [online] Available at: http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/marcel-duchamp-1036 [Accessed 20 Sep. 2016].

Tate.org.uk. (2016). Dada. [online] Available at: http://www.tate.org.uk/learn/online-resources/glossary/d/dada [Accessed 20 Sep. 2016].

13.9.2016 Introduction of contextual study

Today is our first contextual study lesson in this year. I have learned that artist work will always influenced by its life experience and its background. In this lesson, we are going to give our own opinion and make evaluation on artist work.

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1999 Alexander McQueen spring fashion show 

Art can be expressed in many way. “For example the spring fashion show of Alexander McQueen in 1999 at Metropolitan Museum in New York.About these fashion show , ‘Art class ‘ is its theme which have combined art and  fashion. McQueen has influenced by Art & Craft Movement.”(school’s powerpoint information)  In the fashion show he has used the machine gun (robot) to spray on the model’s white dress. At the same time model have show a scared face and posing in some modern ballet pose with a sad classic music. This preferment  created a large imagine area . It could be a metaphor of war. As when the machine gun spraying on the model, it just like shooting someone. It could be a metaphor of rejection of industry. “As the show is based on Art & Craft Movement which is about discussing the use of facilities in art or craft.”(V&A museum) In this show , McQueen have used classic music and ballet to be the background music and the movement of the model. Therefore I guess he is oppose to use many modern machine machines in fashion industry. By combining these 2 guesses I think he may showing the industry may kill the fashion industry.

In this lesson , we have not only talk about the fashion show and also the different art piece which have well shown that art can be expressed in many different way.

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Shooting into the corner, Anish Kapoor ,(2008-2009)

“About our group, we are look at Anish Kapoor ’s artwork ‘ Shooting into the corner’ (2008-2009). In this art work he has cooperate with a team of engineers as to be a part of his work . The engineer will shoot 11-kilogram ball of wax will be shoot out during the exhibition.”(e-flux.com)

We think it is a piece described the war. It is because it has gotten and set up which is looked like the fort (that machine) and the shooting process. The wax is  packed like the artillery shell and in a red color which just like war. The process of shooting is slow which have created a pressure and intense to the audience .Also it has a large voice when the wax was shooting out, which have push the atmosphere. These have caught the attention of the audience and made they note the war is happening. It didn’t have any background music which have created a serious mode there. Also the machine is shooting to the corner which have brought a sad feeling as it have showed that you cannot escape. These made me felt people were waiting for dead during the war.

Other than the meaning of the painting, I think it still got an amazing tension created by the material , space and colour. First, there were a contrast created out by using the wax and the meaning of the artwork. Wax is a kind of material that we usually use in our childhood so it is quite a kind of childish material. However in these art piece , it is using to be the artillery shell to shoot into the corner, to describe war is bloody, sad and cruel.These have made a contrast of the material and the meaning it going to show which I the cruel of humanity . By using these expressing way it has created a strong tension .

Reference:

Alexander McQueen: Savage Beauty. (2016). Dress, No. 13, spring/summer 1999 | Alexander McQueen: Savage Beauty | The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. [online] Available at: http://blog.metmuseum.org/alexandermcqueen/dress-no-13/ [Accessed 13 Sep. 2016].

Anishkapoor.com. (2016). Cite a Website – Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://anishkapoor.com/583/shooting-into-the-corners [Accessed 13 Sep. 2016].

Bateman, K. (2016). Alexander McQueen’s Best Runway Shows. [online] Harper’s BAZAAR. Available at: http://www.harpersbazaar.com/fashion/designers/a9939/alexander-mcqueens-best-runway-shows/ [Accessed 13 Sep. 2016].

E-flux.com. (2016). ANISH KAPOOR. Shooting into the Corner: Exhibition / Lecture / New Publication – Announcements – e-flux. [online] Available at: http://www.e-flux.com/announcements/38308/anish-kapoor-shooting-into-the-corner-exhibition-lecture-new-publication/ [Accessed 13 Sep. 2016].

Vam.ac.uk. (2016). The Arts & Crafts Movement – Victoria and Albert Museum. [online] Available at: http://www.vam.ac.uk/content/articles/t/the-arts-and-crafts-movement/ [Accessed 13 Sep. 2016].

YouTube. (2016). Alexander McQueen S/S RTW 1999, No. 13 (Full Runway Show). [online] Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpvdjsFHd8A [Accessed 13 Sep. 2016].